Female orgasm is defined an “altered state of consciousness”. Therefore, research is below regards altered states of consciousness, female orgasm and higher sexual responsiveness.


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Flor-Henry, P., Shapiro, Y., Sombrun, C., Walla, P. (2017). Brain changes during a shamanic trance: Altered modes of consciousness, hemispheric laterality, and systemic psychobiology. Cogent Psychology, 4(1), 1313522. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311908.2017.1313522

Wittmann, M. (2015). Modulations of the experience of self and time. Consciousness and Cognition, 38, 172–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2015.06.008

Passie, T., Hartmann, U., Schneider, U., & Emrich, H. M. (2003). On the function of groaning and hyperventilation during sexual intercourse: Intensification of sexual experience by altering brain metabolism through hypocapnia. Medical Hypotheses, 60(5), 660-663. doi:10.1016/s0306-9877(03)00010-0

Sayin, U. (2011). Altered States of Consciousness Occurring During Expanded Sexual Response In The Human Female: Preliminary Definitions. NeuroQuantology, 9(4). https://doi.org/10.14704/nq.2011.9.4.486

Sayin, U. (2012).  A comparative review of the neuro-psychopharmacology of hallucinogen-induced altered states of consciousness: The Uniqueness of some hallucinogens . NeuroQuantology, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.14704/nq.2012.10.2.528

Swartz, L. H. (1994). Absorbed states play different roles in female and male sexual response: Hypotheses for testing. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 20(3), 244–253. https://doi.org/10.1080/00926239408403434

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Vaitl, D., Birbaumer, N., Gruzelier, J., Jamieson, G. A., Kotchoubey, B., Kubler, A., … Weiss, T. (2005). Psychobiology of altered states of consciousness.
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Zaytseva, Y., Horáček, J., Hlinka, J., Fajnerová, I., Androvičová, R., Tintěra, J., … Páleníček, T. (2019). Cannabis-induced altered states of consciousness are associated with specific dynamic brain connectivity states. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 026988111984981. doi:10.1177/0269881119849814